History of the Federal TRIO Programs

The history of TRIO is progressive. It began with Upward Bound, which emerged out of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 in response to the administration’s War on Poverty. In 1965, Talent Search, the second outreach program, was created as part of the Higher Education Act. In 1968, Student Support Services, which was originally known as Special Services for Disadvantaged Students, was authorized by the Higher Education Amendments and became the third in a series of educational opportunity programs. By the late 1960’s, the term “TRIO” was coined to describe these federal programs.

Over the years, the TRIO Programs have been expanded and improved to provide a wider range of services and to reach more students who need assistance. The Higher Education Amendments of 1972 added the fourth program to the TRIO group by authorizing the Educational Opportunity Centers. The 1976 Education Amendments authorized the Training Program for Federal TRIO Programs, initially known as the Training Program for Special Programs Staff and Leadership Personnel. Amendments in 1986 added the sixth program, the Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program. Additionally, in 1990, the Department created the Upward Bound Math/Science program to address the need for specific instruction in the fields of math and science. The Upward Bound Math/Science program is administered under the same regulations as the regular Upward Bound program, but it must be applied for separately. Finally, the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2001 amended the Student Support Services (SSS) program to permit the use of program funds for direct financial assistance (Grant Aid) for current SSS participants who are receiving Federal Pell Grants.

The legislative requirements for all Federal TRIO Programs can be found in the Higher Education Act of 1965, Title IV, Part A, Subpart 2 and can be downloaded here.
Word Document | PDF File

The requirements for the SSS Grant Aid can be found in
Public Law 106-554.

Visit the U.S. Department of Education TRIO Page

Montana Tech TRIO Student Support Services STEM

Montana Tech TRIO Talent Search

Montana Tech TRIO Upward Bound

Montana Tech TRIO Upward Bound Math & Science

MCAN (Montana College Attainment Network)


ASPIRE Alumni Registration

National TRIO Alumni Association

The Council for Opportunity in Education

Institute for Educational Opportunities
Health Science Building 203
1300 West Park
Butte, MT 59701
Fax: (406) 496-4696

Here are a few TRIO Alumni!

Viola Davis

Upward Bound
Oscar, Emmy & Tony winner

Sen. Raphael Warnock

Upward Bound
(D) Georgia

John Quinones

Upward Bound
ABC News “Prime Time Live”

Rep. Gwendolyn Moore

Student Support Services
(D) Wisconsin

Franklin R. Chang Diaz

Student Support Services
NASA Astronaut

Angela Bassett

Upward Bound
Award Winning Actress

Patrick Ewing

Upward Bound
Coach, Olympian and Former Professional Basketball Player

A.C. Green

Student Support Services
Professional Basketball Player


Troy Polamalu

Upward Bound
Professional Football Player

Bernard Harris

Ronald E. McNair Scholar
1st African-American to perform a spacewalk